Archive for Tips

5 Steps to Starting a Vegetable Garden

Starting up a vegetable garden is a big job, but it’s endlessly rewarding: you’ll grow tasty, healthy vegetables for you and your family, and you’ll be helping the planet by encouraging local food production. Here’s a very quick guide to starting up your own veggie garden.

1. Growing Your Own Vegetables

You have dug up your garden plot, enriched it with organic material, and fertilized it. You have raked out the stones. Now you are ready to plant. Check your garden plan to see that rows run from east to west if this is practical; that tall plants will be on the northern and eastern sides of the plot; and that you have planned to grow early crops (lettuce, peas, spinach) as well as hot-weather vegetables (tomatoes, eggplant, peppers). Click through to learn more about setting up your vegetable garden.

2. Sowing the Seeds

Mark your row with stakes at each end, and stretch a garden line between them. Make furrows, known as drills, barely 1 centimeter deep for small seeds, perhaps 2 centimeters deep for the larger ones. Scatter small seeds evenly and close together.

Larger seeds can be planted about 3 centimeters apart. Especially where soil tends to crust over, cover small seeds with a thin layer of potting mix, compost, or of soil mixed with sand or fine peat moss. Tamp down over the seeds and water gently. Mark the row with a plant label on which you have written — in indelible ink — the name of the vegetable, the variety, and the planting date.

Seeds must have continuously moist soil around them until they sprout. Check for moisture every day, and if the soil seems too dry, water it lightly. Do not overwater: soggy soil can cause the larger seeds to rot — the soil should be damp, but never waterlogged.

2. Thinning

For beginning gardeners especially, thinning can be a painful process. It seems wasteful to destroy perfectly good seedlings. But it must be done. If unthinned, radishes will not form bulbs. Carrots will not grow or will twist grotesquely. Lettuce will form puny heads.

You should begin thinning when the seedlings are 3–5 centimeters high. Do not try to thin out seedlings all at once. A thick row of leaf lettuce can be thinned at first by removing every other plant. You can remove more plants in later thinnings, when the lettuce will be large enough to eat. When thinning a thickly seeded row, pull each plant out carefully, lifting straight up, to avoid disturbing the roots of neighboring plants.

3. Weeding

Weeds compete with vegetables for whatever moisture and nutrients are available and will grow rampant in rich, well-cultivated soil. And if you allow weeds to grow undisturbed at the beginning, when you pull them up later, you may injure the roots of plants you want to keep.

Work out a weeding program, a once- or twice-weekly trip between your garden rows with a hoe. When weeds are small, you can simply scrape them away. But if you dig your hoe more than 1 or 2 centimeters into the ground, you run the risk of cutting into vegetable roots. Large weeds and those growing within the rows have to be pulled out by hand. Weed pulling is easier if the soil is moist; try to weed after a rainstorm, or schedule weedings for the day after waterings.

4. Watering

Plants need between 3 and 4 centimeters of water each week. During hot, rainless weather, or whenever the garden soil becomes powdery and dry, you will have to water your garden. Watering is particularly important for young plants with shallow roots. As plants grow larger, their roots thrust deeper into the soil, where moisture remains even when the surface soil is dry. Thorough, deep waterings are far more effective than brief, shallow ones.

A garden hose is a basic watering implement. Use an oscillating or rotary sprinkler for efficient use of water. Keep the droplet size as large as possible to reduce evaporation. Soaker hoses (perforated plastic tubes) laid with their holes down are an efficient way to water. The water soaks into the soil in a fan shape, soaking the root zone. Whatever you use, schedule your waterings for the morning or early afternoon, so that leaves can dry off before nightfall. Wet leaves are more susceptible to fungal diseases.

5. Mulching

A mulch is a soil cover composed, usually, of organic materials, such as leaves, hay, or grass clippings. Gardeners who use mulch do not have as much weeding to do and find that a layer of mulch around their plants helps to conserve moisture in the soil. It may also help to prevent the spread of various soil-borne diseases.

Some good mulching materials include hay, especially “spoiled hay,” which has already begun to decompose; grass clippings after they have begun to dry and turn gray; shredded or composted leaves; well-rotted manure mixed with straw; peat moss mixed with sawdust or wood chips (peat moss alone will pack down and dry, and water will not penetrate it).

When seedlings are about 10 centimeters high, spread a thick layer of mulching material among the plants and between the rows. As summer progresses and the mulch breaks down, add more. If you keep a perpetual cover of mulch on your garden, the soil will take longer to warm up and dry in spring than will unmulched soil. For early planting, therefore, push aside the mulch where you intend to make seed furrows, and wait for the ground to warm up and dry.






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Ten Container Garden Tips for Beginners

If you wish to create a container garden that lasts, you have to pay attention to the details and get everything ready to ensure your plants grow healthy and strong.

Containers can be a big investment but the payoff in what it adds to your garden is worth it.

Here are some of best tips for successful container gardens.

1: When you purchase a container, check to see if they offer a warranty.

If you purchase your pots from your local garden center, they may cost more, but the garden centers typically work with pottery dealers they trust to provide durable products. Ask about a warranty.

2. Now there is a great solution to keep pots light

Many gardeners shy away from large ceramic pots because once they fill them with soil, they are impossible to move.Use the product that keeps pots light; is reusable and 100% recyclable

3.  Drainage is a MUST. You don’t need a zillion holes, but you need at least one per 12 to 18 inches of surface area.

For example, on a trough that is 36” long x 18” wide, drill (2) ¾ inch holes, 12 inches apart along the center. When you purchase your pot check for a hole; if not, ask them to drill one for you. There is usually no charge for this. Now that there is a drainage hole, what do you place over it?

4. Use a Drain Shield from PACKING PEARLS.

Why? It adheres to the hole inside the pot and guarantees drainage. The patented design allows excess water to drain, and lets oxygen flow to the roots. Easy to install, just leave the Drain Shield in your pot and your plants will thank you for it!

5. If you have an old tile, break it apart and slide it underneath the pot being careful not to cover the pre-drilled hole.

By raising the bottom off the ground/surface at least ¼ inch, the drainage will continue to flow.

6. Some organic soil mixes are very smelly. take a whiff from a sample bag or ask your garden center for one less offensive, especially if you are placing the pot near the front door or patio seating,

NEVER scoop garden soil up and use it in your pot. It is too heavy and may contain weed seeds. We recommend bagged, soil-less, organic potting soil from your local garden center.

7. Always water when soil is starting to dry to the touch, but do not over saturate. Fertilize every 7 to 10 days and make sure soil is moist before fertilizing.

Many gardeners find watering their potted plants to be a very relaxing part of their day but may not be sure how much or how often to water. Depending on the size (large pots can hold moisture longer than small pots) and your weather conditions, containers may need watering every day. On very hot days watering more than once that day is most likely necessary.

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